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Tabellini, G. (2010). Culture and Institutions, Economic Development in the Regions of Europe. Journal of the European Economic Association 8(4), 677–716

Does culture have a causal effect on economic development? The data on European regions suggest that it does. Culture is measured by indicators of individual values and beliefs, such as trust and respect for others, and confidence in individual self determination. To isolate the exogenous variation in culture, we rely on two historical variables used as instruments: the literacy rate at the end of the 19th century, and the political institutions in place over the past several centuries. The political and social history of Europe provides a rich source of variation in these two variables at a regional level. The exogenous component of culture due to history is strongly correlated with current regional economic development, after controlling for contemporaneous education, urbanization rates around 1850, and national effects. (JEL: O10, F10, P10, N13)

Authors

Tabellini, Guido

Biographical note Born January 26th, 1956. Degree in Economics from the Università di Torino. PhD in Economics, UCLA, U.S.A. Academic CV Guido Tabellini has been professor of economics at Bocconi University since 1994, where he has been Rector since November of 2008. Before...

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