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The Quality of Social Existence in a Globalising World

Organized by the
International Sociological Association
Durban, South Africa, 23-29 July, 2006



Conference Presentation

The theme of the first ISA World Congress of Sociology in Africa is The Quality of Social Existence in a Globalising World.

A number of special sessions that raise continental issues of global concern are being finalized by the Programme Committee which is preparing the semi-plenary morning sessions that will be of interest to the Association's members, Research Committees, Working and Thematic Groups and National Associations.

Durban provides the international social science community with an opportunity to encounter a society in transition, in a context that is highly cognisant of the importance of social science in reconstruction and development. With its superb facilities and infrastructure, Durban has a proven track record of hosting international events and conferences.

Call for papers

Contributions are invited to the following sessions:

Session 1, Poverty, migration, and globalisation
Chair: Yanyi K. Djamba, Southeastern Louisiana University, USA, [email protected]

Today about three percent of the world population lives outside their countries of birth. Although many scholars still associate this increasing international migration with economic imbalances between nations, current migration flows defy existing theories of social and spatial mobility. This session calls for papers that rethink the dynamics of the migratory process under conditions of globalisation and poverty. The focus will be on the analysis of East-West and South-North migrations, which seem to flow in the opposite direction of capitalism expansion. The contributors to this session should review and challenge existing theories of spatial mobility and propose new directions that help understand the intersection among poverty, migration, and globalisation. Both empirically driven and theoretical sound papers on all contemporary aspects of international migration and poverty will be considered.

Session 2, Social policy regimes and migrant workers in Asia
Chairs: Ian Holliday, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, [email protected]

The organizers are interested in receiving proposals for papers that (a) document the kind of social protection that is currently available to migrant workers, both legal and illegal, in Asia (if any), (b) examine specific instances of social policies made available to migrant workers by distinct types of political regime in Asia, and (c) think through the kind of social policy "regimes" that can thereby be said to exist in Asia. They expect papers to draw on both globalisation theory and social policy theory.

Session 3, Indigenous peoples, globalisation and the welfare state
Chair: Maggie Walter, University of Tasmania, Australia, [email protected]

A rapidly globalising world presents unprecedented challenges for the interaction of the welfare state and Indigenous peoples. The rising influence of the market economy, global capital and the accompanying restructuring of social, economic and cultural relationships, especially those relating to the welfare state and social citizenship have specific and unique ramifications for Indigenous peoples. Given the economically, socially and politically marginalised status of the majority of world Indigenous peoples, the impact of globalisation and the direction and shape of welfare state and accompanying social policy change is particularly important. The social challenges posed by a globalising world also vary geographically. While sharing Indigenous status, Indigenous peoples from western countries, such as Australian Aborigines, the Sami peoples or the First Nations peoples of Canada are likely to confront different issues than those from non-western regions in Africa, Asia and Central and South America.
Papers for this session would encompass scholarship and research relating to the current or likely effect of the interaction of globalisation/globalising world and the welfare state for Indigenous peoples.
Topics within the session would include, but not be exclusive to, the impact of a globalising world on Indigenous poverty in its various dimensions, social policy, citizenship, cultural and Indigenous rights and welfare reform. Comparative papers exploring issues for different, geographically diverse and/or western and non-western Indigenous peoples are also encouraged.

Session 4, State and civil society in the making of social policies. The case of Lusophone African countries
Chair: Isabel Estrada Carvalhais, University of Minho, Portugal, [email protected]

More than a language, Angola, Mozambique, Guinea Bissau, Cape-Verde and São Tomé & Príncipe share the burden of a colonial legacy - a legacy quite visible in one of the most prominent principles of their social, legal, and political-administrative cultures: the principle of centralisation. In a context where the concept of 'State' is profoundly attached to this principle, it is important that we may know how and how much this affects the dynamics of the relation between the State and the various social and political actors located in society; especially their very admission as legitimate agents of social cohesion and well-being; their admission to, and participation in, decision-making processes in the making of social policies. The fact that such state-society relations happen in contexts of great ethnic and cultural plurality, of strong local traditions, and deeply ingrained social habits in the organisation of power relations, is obviously an element that brings extra complexity to that questioning. In the particular cases of post-conflict societies such as Angola, Guinea-Bissau and Mozambique, the burden of the colonial legacy must be equated also with on-going peace-building processes and with emerging expectations about the growth of a culture of democracy in the conduction of state-society relations.

We believe there is theoretical and methodological pertinence in discussing intellectual work that is analytically sensitive to the specificities of the African context, and to the particular challenges and obstacles these societies face. In this sense, we would be interested in papers that could make a contribution to:
a) Building a rigorous characterisation of the dialogue between state and society in regard to the definition, content and practice of social policies
b) Stimulating the critical evaluation of interpretative models and theories of social policy building and welfare regimes, as well as the creation of frames analytically sensitive to Africa and to African multiple realities, refusing therefore the use of 'Africa' as a blurring and identity-killer category.

Session 5, Eastern European social policy
Chair: Jolanta Aidukaite, University College of South Stockholm, Sweden, [email protected]

The aim of explaining welfare state development in affluent capitalist democracies has spawned a plethora of welfare state theories, approaches and typologies. However, many of them excluded from their analysis former socialist countries, which had a rather different historical and economic development as compared to the capitalist democracies. Nevertheless, the former socialist countries had extensive social policies, which, in some cases, were just as developed as those in the West. The collapse of Communism in the Soviet Union and other Eastern bloc countries added even more to the puzzlement surrounding the debate as to whether the old welfare state theories still maintained their explanatory power and also whether new ones were needed to encompass the sea-changes in Europe.

This session aims to contribute towards a better understanding of the post-socialist welfare state development from a theoretical as well as an empirical point of view. It focuses on various aspects of social policy in post-socialist Eastern Europe; it examines the characteristics of social security institutions, the influence of historical legacy on social policy developments, the impact of policy-makers' and political parties on welfare reforms as well as the pressure of global organisations on the development of social policies in this part of the world. The other broader theoretical issues, such as a reconsideration of existing welfare models and regime types will be addressed too.

Session 6, Social policy in an enlarged Europe: Theoretical challenges and policy outcomes
Chairs: Ola Sjöberg, Stockholm University, Sweden, [email protected] , Tommy Ferrarini, Stockholm University, Sweden, [email protected] and Joakim Palme, Stockholm University, Sweden, [email protected]

The enlargement of the European Union in 2004 to 25 countries poses new challenges to mainstream comparative social policy research, which hitherto have had a significant bias towards analysing long-standing member countries of the OECD. This session will address comparative research that analyse social policy developments in the new member countries of the European Union, with a special focus on the former communist countries in East- and Central Europe.

We are primarily seeking papers and abstracts that fulfil two criteria:
1. Papers and abstracts should explicitly try to combine theoretical novelty with empirical analysis. From a theoretical point of view, the abstracts and papers should address one, ore preferable more, of the following issues:
- What are the strengths and limits of 'mainstream' theories and typologies when analyzing social policy developments and institutions in East and Central Europe?.
- In what way can research on these countries inform existing theories on social policy and the welfare state?.
- Countries in East- and Central Europe have not only experienced transformations in their social policy systems, but also in their political and economic systems. What theoretical challenges do these more or less simultaneous transformations represent?.
2. From a comparative perspective, we are primarily interested in abstracts and papers that explicitly compare East- and Central European countries (or other new member countries of the EU) with long-standing members of the OECD (i.e. the countries in Europe, North America and Oceania) that most often are subject to comparative research on social policy.

Session 7, Intergenerational inheritance of inequalities - 'producers' and policy responses in different social policy regimes
Chair: Wielislawa Warzywoda-Kruszynska, University of Lodz, Poland, [email protected]

Reproduction of inequalities and poverty transmission from one generation to another seems to increase in recent decades all over the world. Because of its scope and extent it may hinder further development of particular countries and regions. 'Producers' of intergenerational inheritance of inequalities (e.g. commercialization of education, lacking language skills, poverty etc) differ in different socio-economic-cultural contexts. So are policy responses aimed at reducing/overcoming it.
Papers are invited which contribute to better understanding of factors/processes/mechanisms producing reproduction of inequalities and poverty and policy responses at central and regional levels. Of particular interest are results of studies comparing developed countries with Central Eastern Europe.

Session 8, Globalisation, deregulation, re-regulation and social policy
Chair: Max Koch, University of Ulster, UK, [email protected]

In the debate on 'globalisation' a relative decline of the nation state as a location of welfare and regulation power has often been stressed. However, the 'old' nation-state centred forms of regulation have not, as yet, been replaced by equivalent global institutions; attempts to transform international institutions such as the IMF, the World Bank, or the UN have remained limited. Despite these rather unsuccessful attempts, governance, on both the national and international level, appears to be in a constant flux. While it is generally recognised that regulation is necessary to address the social, ecological, and political issues at stake, it is less clear how processes of re-regulation - at the regional, national, and supra-national level - work and impact on social policy. Neither is there consensus on how the new regulatory regimes will look. The session calls for papers that address processes of deregulation and re-regulation in different regions of the world and discuss possible new forms of regulation in the emerging new international economic and political structure. It welcomes papers from all parts of the world and from different theoretical perspectives. While the scope is intended to be multi-disciplinary, world-wide, highly varied, and as practical as possible, papers focussing comparative welfare state analysis are particularly welcome.

Session 9, Social capital, active citizenship and social welfare
Chair: Thomas P. Boje, Roskilde University, Denmark, [email protected]

Governments and societies seek economic growth and prosperity but are also increasingly concerned about its impact on social conditions and social integration. They are concerned about inequality, new forms of poverty and social exclusion, which seems to expands in combination with new technologies, globalisation and individualization.
How to ensure social cohesion and justice at local, regional and national level in societies characterized by individualization, diversity and influenced by growing globalisation and marketisation?. Dealing with these concerns we have to understand the complex and changing relationship between work, family life, and community involvement. These three institutions taken together determine the conditions under which individual and social groups organize their social relations. Focus in these sessions will be on the importance of social resources, social network and political involvement in creating community development and sustainability. Scholars who deal with social capital, citizenship rights and civil society and its impact on social welfare, solidarity and social participation in both a national and cross-national perspective are invited to submit papers.

Session 10, Social citizenship in the Americas
Chair: Rianne Mahon, Carleton University, Canada, [email protected]

Different types of social citizenship regimes took root in North and in South America during the twentieth century. Today both North and South America are grappling with efforts to scale back the state, leaving greater room for markets, families and the voluntary sector. In Latin America, the US model of targeted social policy is being introduced through piecemeal reforms. At the same time, both North and South face demands to include once marginalised groups. Gender equality has advanced throughout the hemisphere, although serious gaps remain between norms and women's real life experience. Migration flows are increasing pressures from 'latinos' in North America for access to social services, respect for cultural diversity, labour mobility and human rights. Demands for inclusion can give rise to new models of social citizenship at the local level, which challenge existing national regimes. Similarly, processes of economic integration (NAFTA, the FTAA, bilateral agreements) pose new questions about the appropriate scales of social citizenship rights. This panel will explore the changing patterns of social citizenship in the Americas and reflect on the questions these raise for analytical frameworks developed to analyse postwar social regimes in Western Europe and North America.

Session 11, Origins of cross-national variations in gendered configurations of social citizenship
Chairs: Cecilia Benoit, University of Victoria, Canada, [email protected] and Helga Kristín Hallgrímsdóttir, University of Victoria, Canada, [email protected]

Recent research on citizenship in advanced welfare states has identified how the caring work that makes it possible for social and economic institutions to function- child-care, house-work, elder-care, and care of sick family members - reflects dominant societal gender contracts and thus can be shown to vary significant in time and across place. Figuring out how care-work is written into citizenship vocabularies is therefore a pressing theoretical and empirical issue and one with important policy implications. The purpose of this session is to explore the historical backgrounds and social contexts behind cross-national differences in how vocabularies and configurations of citizenship make sense of and are inclusive of care-work. We encourage submissions that pertain to historical origins as well as contemporary variations in citizenship-care regimes. If you wish to present a paper in this session, send an abstract of no more than one page to session organisers.

Session 12, Consumerism and choice in social policy
Chair: Tine Rostgaard, The Danish National Institute of Social Research, Denmark, [email protected]

Choice and consumerism in social policy is a topic on which there is great interest at the moment, along with user involvement, participation, empowerment, and the creation of an active welfare citizenship. The demand for more choice seems to be a natural consequence of the criticism of the workings of the traditional welfare state. In accordance, we look for other solutions of the organization of welfare, which should preferably be solutions that can reflect the diversity of lifestyles that we are leading. We can see this reflected in the introduction of payment for care benefits, personal budgets and the free choice between private and public provider of services, pensions, hospitals etc.
Papers are invited on a broad area of topics from comparative social policy architecture, gender issues, equality to governance and organizational studies but with the common theme of the consequences of more choice and consumerism in social policy seen in comparative perspective.

Session 13, Changing health care systems in a changing world
Chairs: Juergen Kohl, University of Heidelberg, Germany, [email protected] and Claus Wendt, University of Mannheim, Germany, [email protected]

Health care system comparison is a neglected area of welfare state research. The topic seems to be occupied by health economists or medical sociologists. A comparative analysis of health care systems, however, can benefit to a high extent from findings by welfare state researchers. Especially the focus of health economists on financing and expenditure has to be complemented by a focus on actors, institutions and effects of health care systems. On the other hand, health system analysis can provide additional insights for studies on the welfare state since it concentrates to a greater extent on social services and to a lesser extent on financial transfers as, for instance, in the old age pension debate. Furthermore, there are strong links between health and health care, ability to work, poverty, care (for the elderly) or the ability to support family members etc. By analysing the connections between different problem areas of social existence we might gain a better picture of welfare state tasks in total.

The session should go beyond the "traditional" focus on the OECD world and include especially African and Asian countries where the needs situations are likely to be different. The question, therefore, should not be "how can developing countries learn from Western Welfare State experiences?", but what insights we can gain by contrasting developing health care systems with highly developed ones.
Papers will be requested especially from four different areas:
1. Needs, interests and ideas in health policy;
2. Regulating health care: the changing role of the state in health care systems;
3. Changing health care institutions and their effects on (access to) health care;
4. Trust and legitimation: Citizens' views on health care systems.

Session 14, Social policy and ageing in a globalised world
Joint session with Research Committee on Sociology of Aging, RC11
Chair: Andreas Hoff, German Centre of Gerontology, Germany, [email protected] and

Juergen Kohl, University of Heidelberg, Germany, [email protected]
Population ageing has become a global phenomenon that has an impact on both more developed and less developed countries. Within the next 50 years, the absolute number of older people will have more than tripled while birth rates will have dropped by a third. By 2050 the number of older people will exceed the number of the young for the first time in history.
These demographic shifts pose serious challenges to a wide range of social policies. In Western societies, public pension schemes, which are among the core institutions of developed welfare states, have increasingly come under reform pressure. By contrast, the situation in less developed countries seems almost opposite: the age structure is more favourable, but the institutionalisation of public pension schemes is mostly weak and the state capacities to build up such schemes are rather limited. However, evidence suggests that demographic changes will occur in developing countries at an even more rapid pace than in the industrial world today. At least since the 1990s, pension reform has thus become a global issue. Global discourses and agencies increasingly influence national policies in both Northern and Southern countries.
Because of the health risks and care needs associated with longevity, the ageing process will also have a dramatic impact on the provision of health care services. Moreover, because of the costs of social protection involved, increasing life expectancy calls for more flexible arrangements for the transition from work to retirement.
But social policies for older people go beyond pension and health care issues. They include issues of housing and social services as well as providing a supportive environment for family care. Social security policies will have to go hand in hand with policies targeted on the activation of civic action and self-help potentials.
A global consensus seems to be emerging that a new 'welfare mix' of state, families, the voluntary sector, and markets is needed - but what welfare mix and with what role for the state? At the heart of the debate will be the question to what extent such policies vary between the less developed and the more developed world, and what both sides can learn from each other.
Papers are invited which address one or more of the issues outlined above.

Session 15, Averting the old age crisis - revisited
Chair: Niels Ploug, The Danish National Institute of Social Research, Denmark, [email protected]

Pension reform has been high on the welfare agenda in many countries since the OECD publication Reforming public Pensions in 1988 and the World Bank publication Averting the Old-Age Crisis in 1994. These analyses pinpointed the economic instability of existing pension schemes due to demographic developments faced by many countries.
The developed and highly exposed welfare states in the Nordic countries are facing the same challenge as other welfare states in relation to pension systems and demographic development but have taken on the challenge in quite different ways. Denmark was able to take account of the ageing problems already in the 1980s. The resulting development of the pension system is in some ways in line with recommendations of the World Bank (1994) and the OECD, but with a specific Danish flavour of collective agreement rather than individualised pensions. Sweden introduced a high profile pension reform that might be copied - like other Swedish welfare arrangements - by Norway; Finland has also introduced a comprehensive pension reform. As the Nordic countries are seen by some as the front runners in welfare development this session will welcome papers on the content of Nordic pension reform and the differences across the Nordic countries; papers that relate the Nordic reform movements to on the one hand earlier recommendations on pension reform and on the other hand to the quest to reform pension systems in other countries will be particularly appropriate.

Session 16, Reshaping programs for long-term care. The effects of reforms
Joint session with Research Committee on Sociology of Aging, RC11
Chair: Karl Hinrichs, University of Bremen, Germany, [email protected]

In view of demographic aging and family change, a number of countries have introduced special schemes providing long-term care benefits to frail (elderly) people (e.g. in Austria, France, Germany or Japan), while many others have made significant changes to their existing programs. Research on the intended as well unintended effects of those institutional innovations is of great interest - for example, to what extent are benefits utilized, what are the consequences for other welfare state programs (notably social assistance), or how has the quality of services developed (or been secured)? Related aspects are the development of a welfare market for long-term care services and problems to regulate such a market or to keep expenditure under control. "Learning from others" may be another effect of reforms, i.e. how far have foreign examples played (or currently play) a role in national debates and initiatives to set up such a scheme. Paper proposals for this session are encouraged which, from a single-country or preferably from a comparative perspective, touch upon the wide array of effects and their (potential) repercussions on further policy change. Abstracts should make clear how the paper will tackle its specific subject empirically as well as analytically.

Session 17, International organisation prescriptions for and influence upon national social policy
Chairs: Bob Deacon, University of Sheffield, U.K, [email protected], and
Nicola Yeates, Open University, UK [email protected]

Deacon et al (1997), Yeates (2001), Orenstein (2004), Stubbs (2003), Boas & McNeill (2004), Armingeon and Beyleler (2004) and others have all contributed to the analysis of the social policy prescriptions of international organisations such as the World Bank, ILO, OECD and International NGOs. More research is required into the ways in which such prescriptions for national social policy are arrived at within such organisations and how they are transmitted to national policy makers. What are the networks of policy scholars and policy entrepreneurs who seek to influence such policies? Do governments who are stakeholders in some of these organisations seek to influence policy prescriptions via, for example contributions to World Bank Trust funds? What is the relationship in terms of policy influence between institutes such as the World Bank Institute and the Bank or between the UNRISD and WIDER and UN social agencies? What are the processes of policy review and refereeing and how have these lead to the adoption of specific policy measures such as the Multi-Pillar framework for pensions in the Bank or the Extension of Social Security policy within the ILO? Are policy transfers from IOs to government Ministries facilitated by the membership of national and international 'civil servants' of the same epistemic communities? How is global policy diffused?
This panel is inviting papers that open up to scholarly scrutiny the social policy content, social policy formation process and social policy transfer process associated within international organisations. Case studies of either global organisations or of regional organisations such as the Asian and Development Bank are welcome. Papers may address any sector of social policy: health, education, social protection, water and utilities, housing etc. Papers will be considered for publication in Global Social Policy

Session 18, The changing landscape of public/private partnerships in funding and service delivery: Impact on service delivery systems, service agencies and clients
Chairs: Prema Thirupathy, Washington University, USA, [email protected] and Stephanie C. Boddie, Washington University, USA, sboddie@ gwbmail.wustl.edu

The landscape of human services funding and service delivery is rapidly changing. In the United States, federal policy, such as the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 and various administrative initiatives shift resources from state and local governments to faith-based and community-based organizations, new funding streams and different types of funding (eg. matching grants, performance based contracts) are now available to non-profit organizations. The types and extent of federal resources available to non-profits ultimately have the potential to change the funding sources, services provided, service delivery, and oversight required for the accountability for such resources. All of these factors, in turn, can change organizational structure, culture, goals, and effectiveness. Often these changes may occur in non-profit organizations without debate, discussion, examination and evaluation of processes and impacts, and any coherent plan. Gradual, incremental organizational changes may ultimately radically alter the non-profit sector and inevitably impact the lives of their clients and service recipients.

Papers are invited on (i) changing public policies and the subsequent challenges faced by non-profit organizations; (ii) the promise of public/private partnerships in ensuring the best outcomes possible for service delivery systems, services agencies and clients being served through the systems; and (iii) the changing landscape of public/ private partnerships and their impact around the world.

Session 20. Rescaling social policies and the role of local welfare arrangaments
Joint Session with ISA Research Commite on Urban and Regional Developmet RC21

Organisers: Yuri Kazepov, University of Urbino, Italy, [email protected] and
Rianne Mahon, Carleton University, Canada, [email protected]

In the light of most welfare reform processes the territorial (urban and regional) dimension is acquiring prominence, not only in terms of implementation, but also increasingly as a regulating actor with widening degrees of freedom. Reasons for that are many (decentralisation, privatisation, new forms of governance,...), but all point to a deep reorganisation of social policies at the territorial level. Even the EU (in Europe) is fostering that, trying to gain regulatory terrain. The joint session aims at looking from different perspectives into this process. What are the implications of this territorial re-organisation? How does it take place in different contexts and what are the reasons for territorial differences? Papers are asked to provide both empirical and theoretical reflections on the processes with preferably a comparative perspective.

Proposals should be submitted to session organisers before December 15, 2005.
All those submitting proposals must be members of RC19. The numbers of sessions listed is based on the November 2004 membership. If membership decreases the number of sessions will be reduced accordingly. If membership increases significantly RC19 will be entitled to one or more additional sessions. Consequently it is essential that membership be renewed or taken out before that date. For information on RC19 membership please contact Torben Fridberg, [email protected]
ISA membership form is available at http://www.ucm.es/info/isa/memb_i/index.htm

Financial Support

International Sociological Association and the Local Congress Organizing Committee of the XVI World Congress of Sociology have made a provision in their budget to support invited speakers, session organizers and paper givers, totalling 665,000 Rand. This amount is made up from an anticipated grant of 250,000 Rand from the UNESCO Participation Programme and another 415,000 Rand taken from the joint ISA-LOC Congress budget.

The grants for the XVI World Congress of Sociology will be allocated by the Grants Committee elected by the ISA Executive Committee in 2004. The Committee shall be composed of four members of the ISA Executive Committee and the Chair of the South African Local Organizing Committee. The Committee shall be chaired by the ISA Vice-President for Finances.

Four categories of grants are proposed:

1. Invited speakers: Presidential Sessions, Author meets the Readers, Symposia
Designated for invited speakers who may not be ISA members and may come from category A countries. Applications shall be sent to the President and the Vice-President for Programme who will make recommendations to the Grants Committee.
Funds: 200,000 Rand

2. Travel/accommodation grants for individual members of the ISA in good standing coming from the developing countries (category B or C) and who play an active role in the Congress programme either as a session chair or a paper giver. Decision shall be made by the Grants Committee (see below for the proposed guidelines for submitting applications).
Funds: 250,000 Rand

3. Registrations grants allocated to the Research Committees to subsidise the participation of featured speakers and/or paper givers chosen by the RCs. This funding will allow RCs to apply either for 1 congress registration in category A, or 2 in category B, or 3 in category C. Applications should be sent by Research Committees on behalf of individuals to the ISA Secretariat [email protected] before January 31, 2006. Applications must include the name(s) of the person(s) to whom the grant will be allocated and the title(s) and abstract of their paper(s). Grants are available only to participants, members of the International Sociological Association, presenting papers in the RC programme. Considering that the allocated amount cannot meet every need, requests may have to be arbitrated. Final recommendations shall be made by the Vice-President for Research with two other members of the Research Coordinating Committee.
Funds: 90,000 Rand

4. Fourth Worldwide Competition for Junior Sociologists
To cover travel and accommodation expenses of the finalists of the competition
Funds: 125,000 Rand

Please, check the Conference's web site to learn further details on paper submission and application for grants: http://www.ucm.es/info/isa/congress2006/rc/rc19_durban.htm



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